Pig farming can be profitable if you know how to care for pigs properly. Here are some of the basics of pigs care that you should be aware of if you want to become a successful pig farmer.
The first thing you have to consider about pigs care is where to house them. Ideally, you should raise pigs in a pasture or other open area so they can get plenty of exercise and produce leaner meat. The area where you keep them in should be solidly fenced-in to keep them from getting out. It should also have a small shelter with shade to protect the pigs from the hot sun. You should also construct a water hole or mud hole for the pigs to wallow in and cool themselves off so they won’t become overheated. The pigs should also have a plentiful supply of clean drinking water which you should replenish daily.
If have a lot of pigs, raising them in a barn may make it easier to manage them. Proper pigs care for pigs living in a barn means that the interior will have to be divided into a sleeping area and a feeding area, which should be separated by a wall and an access door. The feeding area should have a sturdy feeding trough strong enough to withstand muscular pigs jostling for food, and a watering system to ensure the pigs have sufficient clean drinking water.
The sleeping area should contain plenty of clean straw for bedding, and the straw should also be changed regularly. Pigs should be fed natural grains such as corn or powder feed. You can also feed them leftovers or spoiled vegetables; but you need to supplement this with commercial pig feed with the right mixture of vitamins and other nutrients.
While pigs are generally healthy and robust creatures, pigs care also involves a vaccination program against the most common diseases to ensure the continued health of the herd. And pigs should also be kept clean.
The most important aspect of pigs care is proper handling. Pigs are intelligent, generally affectionate, and appreciate being lavished with a lot of attention, so you should take the time to play with them. One of the things they love is to be sprayed down with water when it’s hot. At the same time, you should also be aware that they can be rambunctious so you should also be careful. And avoid rough handling, since this can frighten them and cause them to die of a heart attack, which would ruin their meat.